Conclusion

 

Were the Hamzevis Hurufis? And given the overt Hurufism of Mulhid Vahdeti, was he a Hamzevi? These are the two questions that we have tried to answer in this paper. It is very likely that the Hamzevis were Hurufis based on the many similarities and intersections of their teachings. It is additionally probable that Mulhid Vahdeti was a Hamzevi, more so because he was a native of eastern Bosnia, a region where the Hamzevis were active in his youth. If our poet was a Hamzevi then that would explain many unanswered questions, and he would be a solid link between the Hamzevis were Hurufis. If he is our link then that opens up some explanations for the immense attraction that the Hamzevi kutbs possessed. It also gives a new perspective on the Hamzevi movement. It makes one think again about terms like “orthodox” and “heterodox” “normative” and “nonconformist” after Mulhid Vahdeti points out to us the absurdity of these terms in the Reality. Who is to judge what God means to different people? But given that in the end the Hamzevi movement was not solely about theology, but also social and political issues, the heterodox movements became political and not religious misunderstanding as opposed to the state-supported orthodox establishment.

 

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