Giritli Ali Resmi Baba's Outlook on the Concept of Wahdat al-Wujud

by A. Yilmaz Soyyer


Giritli Ali Resmi Baba enthusiastically embraced the philosophy of wahdat al-wujud. In his writing he used the example of a mirror to explain that creation is a nothing but a mirror reflecting of God’s emanations (tajalliyat). Moreover he states that the Prophet Muhammad is a component of this reflection. To explain this further Giritli Ali Baba related one story, “One day Prophet Muhammad asked the Archangel Jibril, ‘O my brother Jibril! Are you seeing who transmits to you the revelation you bring me?’ Jibril answered, ‘It is comes to me from behind a veil of emerald hue. Other than that I do no know.’ The Prophet replied, ‘On the next occasion of revelation, lift up the veil.’ Later on Jibril did the Prophet said and behind the veil he saw Muhammad. Jibril exclaimed, ‘It is Muhammad who gives the revelation to be delivered to Muhammad!’ Jibril comprehended Muhammad’s rank and he kept silent forever.”

According to Giritli this status is an inner reality (batin), though in the outward reality (zahir) Muhammad was apparently given the revelation from Jibril. He justifies using ayats, “Ar-Rahman. He has taught the Qur’an. He created Man. He taught them the Elucidation.”  When unbelievers asked the Prophet Muhammad who sent down the Qur’an, he answered that it is Allah. They then asked if the Qur’an was sent down as a sound or as letters. Prophet Mohammad replied that, “Allah created human beings in order to explain the Qur’an. The face of Adam (i.e. humanity) is an attribute of God (i.e. ar-Rahman, the All-Compassionate). Human beings are distinguished from other creatures in their very nature. In reality the Qur’an and humanity are twins. “O Allah! Teach me Qur’an found in the face of Adam,” prays Giritli Ali Baba.



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